An Unemployment Claim is a request by eligible workers to receive financial assistance due to unemployment.
Unemployment claims are handled by the Unemployment Compensation (UC) Division.
Benefits per week range from a minimum of $45 to a maximum of $265, calculated using your base period earnings. After you file a claim, a form is mailed to you that states all of your base period wages by employer and the total and weekly amount to which you may be entitled.
What you need to know:
The Unemployment Compensation Program pays unemployment benefits to eligible workers. This program is financed by employer taxes. These may include federal and state unemployment taxes.
Conditions for Eligibility
There are at least two determinations made on your claim:
*If no disqualification is assessed, you will receive unemployment benefits. If a disqualification is assessed, you will receive a written decision notifying you that benefits were reduced, suspended, or denied for any length of time.
You must have insured wages in at least two quarters of your base period.
*The base period is the first four of the last five completed calendar quarters before the week you call to file an initial claim application for a new benefit year.
If you earned wages in other states during the base period, they may be used in combination with your Alabama wages.
There are two types of eligibility issues:
Circumstances regarding your separation from your employer can affect whether or not you can draw benefits. Delays or disqualifications of benefits can take place if you voluntarily quit your job without a good cause connected with the work; you were discharged from your job for misconduct in connection with the work; or you become unemployed due to a work stoppage resulting from a labor dispute.
To remain eligible for benefits you must:
* If you attend GED classes, a college, or a vocational school, you may be able to draw benefits as long as you make yourself fully available for any suitable work.
Filing a Claim
To file an Unemployment Claim in the state of Alabama, you can do the process online or over the phone.
Make sure this information and documents are available:
It usually takes about two to three weeks following the week you filed a claim to receive your first benefit payment.
What You Should Know
To continue to be eligible for unemployment benefits you need to file weekly claim certifications.
You can file weekly claim certifications online or over the phone.
To file a weekly claim online, visit: https://labor.alabama.gov/uc/ICCS/default.aspx.
The phone number for your calling area will be provided to you when you file your claim.
Unemployment compensation benefits are considered taxable income.
What Happens If?
If your claim is denied and you believe you qualify for unemployment benefits, you can file an appeal to the Hearing and Appeals Division.
Appeal requests must be filed within 15 calendar days of the mailing date of the original decision or within 7 calendar days if the decision was handed to you in-person.
This is considered a first level appeal.
Appeal requests can be mailed or faxed to:
Alabama Department of Labor
Hearing and Appeals Division, Room 4677
649 Monroe Street
Montgomery, Alabama 36131.
Note: Continue to file your weekly certifications by telephone during the appeals process, so if the decision is in your favor you can be paid for eligible back weeks.
If either party disagrees with the Hearing Officer’s decision, an appeal may be filed to the Board of Appeals. If either party is dissatisfied with the decision of the Board of Appeals, they may file an appeal to the circuit court in the county of the claimant’s residence. Decisions of the circuit court may be appealed to the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals.
Back to Work
If you find a job, you must report any earnings produced during the week you file a claim. Have the amount of your gross pay (and not your net pay) you received or will receive ready to enter.
To file a claim online, visit: https://labor.alabama.gov/uc/ICCS/default.aspx.
To file a claim over the phone, visit the directory: http://labor.alabama.gov/uc/phone.aspx.